Create UV Templates directly from Poser
Could you possibly offer some thoughts on situations when the capability of this script would be useful anomalaus?
ribroast last edited by
So, this script will generate the seam guides as in the picture above? I would definitely find that very useful. Looking forward to seeing the finished result.
@matb heh, [carefully extracting self from engine bay, so as not to crack bonce on bonnet (harm head on hood)] well, I shouldn't be surprised that there are folks who don't immediately see the facility in everything I choose to waste my time on. ;-)
If, for instance, Poser happened to have a 3D painting tool (think of the morph brush, but applying texture to a model) which could accurately paint over body part seams, to apply a logo to a t-shirt or paint a transparency map to turn a bodysuit into a bikini, nobody would particularly need a separate application to do such a thing. Since Poser doesn't, at the moment, have such a feature, artists either purchase an app which does what they want (there are some around) or they try to find ways to make use of the tools they do have (MSPain, CorelDrab, Photoslop, or whatever), despite those tools being suited for 2D artworks only. This is where the UV texture templates and seam guides become necessary, so you can line up the edges of textures across body-part/material boundaries in different image maps.
If you are one of the lucky few who never paints textures or already owns a 3D texturing app, then all of this is internalised and invisible, so you never need to remember where the bonnet/hood release lever hides under the dashboard to check oil or radiator fluid levels.
Those of us who have been around since Poser 1 have had to make do with what was available. Such habits die hard and become a way of life.
In the ultimate end, though, this is just about me exercising my python scripting muscles. If that helps anyone else, well that's a bonus. If it's not the new orange for someone, they can just scroll to the next slice of bread. ;-)
@anomalaus Thanks for your answer, but perhaps I misunderstand what your script does. I am painfully aware of the problem in creating textures, especially when it comes to painting across seams, and I appreciate the value of creating nice clean UV map templates, but that job is already done by the model's designer before we see it in Poser correct? It looks to me, and this is where I am confused, as though your script creates flattened geometry with UV templates on, which can then be rendered and used as the basis for creating your own maps? Why would I use this script rather than simply importing into a free app such a UVmapper, or a commercial product like Blacksmith or ZBrush where I can simply paint across seams?
I'm all for useful scripts, I'm just not sure that I properly appreciate what problem yours solves that is not already well solved by other free apps? Forgive me if I am missing some very useful utility to your program.
@matb in my earlier replies:
@morkonan UVX from Steve Cox, the original developer of UVMapper has long been obsolete and incompatible with the latest versions of MacOS (last release in 2006). >That's where I come from, and why I'm far more interested in a tool available directly within Poser.
MacOS is my primary Poser platform. No version of UVMapper runs natively on the latest version of MacOS, though the program originated on that platform, since it has not been updated for MacOS since 2006 (when it went commercial and boosted sales by an order of magnitude by converting to Windows)! I delve into Windows 10 via bootcamp (when I can make it work, that is, since it breaks with virtually every MacOS update, wasting days of my time to get it running again) purely for compatibility testing of python scripts in Poser.
I have yet to HTFU enough to learn sufficient Blender to do UV mapping there, since this script will be functional in less time than it would take me to learn to do that in Blender. I am also unable to contemplate ever being able to afford to purchase software speculatively again, so BS and ZB are out of the picture. I dread the necessary evil of paid upgrades to Poser, as I am addicted to eating regular meals :-/
re: your assertion:
I appreciate the value of creating nice clean UV map templates, but that job is already done by the model's designer before we see it in Poser correct?
Be that as it may, where are the templates for all the props included with Poser, or the freebies you might have downloaded from some long defunct forum? Assuming they are even usefully UV mapped at all (see the box prop which has all faces with overlapping UV maps - can't make six-sided dice with that prop!) Do the templates come with seam guides, for those that want such things? Can UVMapper Lite create seam guides automatically? Or Blender?
If one owns 3D texturing software, I cannot think of a single reason (except perhaps misplaced pity for my impoverished circumstances, LOL) why you would bother with UV templates or seam guides ever again (perhaps prompting DAZ to blow off SnowSultan).
Mesh creators who wish to maximise the utility of their products for purchasers of all calibres, create UV mappings and provide the templates so their products can be conveniently re-textured by purchasers, including those whose circumstances preclude their use of free UV mapping apps or the purchase of 3D texturing apps. Seam guides have only ever been provided by after-market vendors like SnowSultan, as they have never, AFAIK till the advent of this script, been automatically generated.
I am aware that the initial iterations of the script were perhaps confusing in that I chose to demonstrate progress with what I had on hand at the time, i.e. props whose vertices were derived from the texture vertices of the original object mesh, prior to my investigation of the necessary methods to create image files. @fverbaas then mentioned that that interim, developmental step could be useful in actually creating clothing panels which could, IIUC, perhaps be reverse transformed via a morph from the flattened UV template shape into the actual object shape, eliminating the seams, as though actually making clothing from flat cloth panels, an idea which might actually fly, though I've only just now considered it while typing this. 8-O
The script's current incarnation (though I will not abandon the possibility that someone might find UV flattened props useful) simply creates UV templates with seam guides and optional facet numbering. When I manage to complete the GUI for it, I expect to offer options on whether to colour seams, and display facet numbers. The current script randomly assigns colours to groups and seam facets, and I can imagine some folks would like that process to be deterministic or at least configurable, though that will take some further thought and feedback.
@matb BTW, please to not read anything into the tone of my responses other than personal frustration that I have failed to explain myself clearly, due to being too immersed in the development process and unable to immediately infer why my walls of text were TL;DR ;-)
@anomalaus Thank you so much for taking the time to explain clearly. Perhaps I have been spoiled by DAZ content which always includes seam guides, so I assumed that this was not an issue that might be problematic for people. I'm jealous of your Python scripting abilities. Did it take you long to learn?
Glen85 last edited by
WTF is wrong with you, man? Just render yourself a pizza, for goodness sake! If you stare at it long enough, you won't feel hungry anymore! ;)
anomalaus last edited by anomalaus
This has a promise of being very useful indeed. It is a key step in developing some funcionality like in Marvelous Designer. If the UV's are flat and true-size and seams, indeed, are known, and the 'material' making the seams can be made to shrink to zero in simulation, in principle the cloth room could do the refits I now do in MD, and the Poser geometry tools can be used to size the panels.
Not sure if this: [URK, not enough privileges to upload an MP4 movie, I'll link it below]
UVs are flat, but what defines "true-size"? Texture vertex spacing matching object vertex spacing? There are vanishingly small numbers of figures that would ever conform to that requirement due to different level-of-detail requirements for different body parts like faces and hands, when compared to limbs and torsos. I guess clothing figures would differ. There will always be distortion when mapping curved shapes from 3D to 2D, by geometric definition. There is no such thing as a distortion-free planar mapping unless an object has only planar facets and adjacent facets are not constrained to share edges when unwrapping, though that makes for ugly and unpaintable UV maps.
I haven't bothered to preview the UV templates in this script version (commented out), just saved the images to files and applied them to the UVtemplate object.
It's right an the top of my Things To Procrastinate About list
I plan to steal that phrase and use it often. Just as soon as I get around to it. :)
Lol thank you, made me smile!
@anomalaus Really useful! Thank you!
F_Verbaas last edited by F_Verbaas
Yes, there will always be distortion. Yet, when you wear a cotton shirt with a blue checkerboard pattern, it is built from flat panels of cotton fabric with a blue checkerboard pattern. The distortion is what the cotton fabric permits (not much) and yet the shirt fits you.
If you take the shirt apart at the seams you can lay the panels before you at the table. You can arrange the panels such that the blue checker board pattern matches. If the table is say 1.50 m square, that what you see would be your true size UV map.
If you use the panels as a template to cut new panels from red-striped fabric and sew them together you have a red striped shirt. The digital equivalent of this is of course to apply a tilable texture. The UV is therefore VERY workable and provided you choose materials wisely it is as easy as changing the referenced tile. .
Clothing items are mainly made by dividing the very non-developabl shape of the body into sections that are more or less developable.
See below a bodice block I quickly traced from Genesis 8 yesterday.with MD7. (True scale UV's the grid on the background is 10 cm size)
The figure is pretty busty but yet the panels fit with moderate strain: (Strainmap legend: green = 0% strain, yellow 10% and red 20%).
with a tad too much space at the points of the breasts (we really need softbody simulation)
which is solved with a touch of the steam brush (but hey I am disgressing)
What meant to say is that the 2D -> 3D vv. conversion opens a lot more possibilities.
@F_Verbaas I imagine that on a per-group basis, using a metric of mean facet edge length (assuming predominantly quadrilateral facets), and applying that mean length to the texture facets of corresponding groups will produce "True Size" UV Templates, perhaps? Of course this is a distinction which is only relevantly applied to clothing, since human and animal figures tend to be predominantly unique (non-tiled) in their per-group texturing, apart from external bi-lateral symmetry, though that is frequently broken in Poser UV mapping schemes (see V4's arms)
Can you explain the process you imagine being possible in Poser with appropriate development of this script? I do not envisage turning this into a full UV remapper at this stage, given that the ability to define and pin seams and select unwrapping schemes is freely available in Blender on multiple platforms, but I can imagine simply being able to rescale and reposition each group's UV map individually, before creating an object which could be procedurally textured and wrap with a single morph into the original object's shape for use in the Poser Fitting Room or Cloth Room. [When I last used them, I continually wished for a tool to apply tension to cloth along selected axes and boundaries]
I am eternally wary of the baying of the ravening, slavering pack of rabid paralegal hounds certain content vendors threaten to unleash on any means to breach their EULA. When you refer to tracing Genesis 8, I know, of course, that you're referring to the 8th chapter of the first book of the Torah ;-)
F_Verbaas last edited by F_Verbaas
I mainly wanted to illustrate the 'true size' UV represention you, I understood, questioned.
Of course if the garment has un-distorted UV's there would not be a need to remap.
The panels in 2D representation normally would be more simplifed like tailor's blocks, and would be like that in the garment definition, and not necessarily a result of a UV mapping process.
Key of your script is it generates objects representing the material zones = the panels of garments mapped that way, as can be made by, sorry to mention, Marvelous Designer. Let me call them 2Din3D objects.
In that sense it does the inverse of the 'assembly' in Marvelous Designer. It makes a '2D' representation of the 3D model.
The script does know the seam information, that is which edges in the different material zones connect (that is what it produces the border coloring from).
This is a fundamental new development and I was just pondering what else this functionality could be useful for.
One way that comes to mind to exploit this further is that one could morph these 2Din3D objects and push the result back into the UV map, probably on the fly. These 2Din3D objets can, I assume, be deformed in Poser using for example magnets or morph brush. (something you would strictly avoid if the aim is to make a UV map). Let us for now assume these deformations are done in the plane of the object only. No need to go into a UV mapping program. Texture mapping fixups by morph brush.
Wild idea is to bring these deformations of the UV map into the geometry. For clothing this would be the equivalent of a subset of the operations the MD user does in the 2D space: change the size of the patterns to change the fit of the garment. Say we want the Genesis 8 garment to fit a figure with a more average bust size. In the fashion world this would be done by making the shape of the front-side panels less pronounced. In the Poser world this would be done using a magnet.
This would leave the mesh topology including the seams intact.
The UV map could be updated to the new XY positions so textures would still look OK and undistorted.
Then if there were some method of carrying the deformation of the 2Din3D panels into the 3D garment definition, the garment could be realistically resized. It would be great if the deformations could be introduced as (inverse) strain in the Cloth Room. (reduction of edge length in the deformed 2Din 3D shape to 0.9 times the original leads to strain of 1/0.9 in the 3D model.) Needs more extensive API for the cloth room, I know.
Sorry. I am just letting the dove out. See if she will return with a freshly plucked olive leaf.
eclark1849 last edited by
@anomalaus Ihave a question for you. Are these UV maps you create in Poser actual Objects?
@eclark1849 yes, indeed they are, though that was, as I explained to @matb , an initial instance of the script prior to my determination of the appropriate PIL (Python Image Library) methods to actually create an image file, which was my original goal, i.e. Create UV templates with seam guides from a figure or prop within the current Poser scene, or a wavefront obj file chosen by the user. One click, optional file selection, and voilà, done.
In the image file version of the script, UV templates with seam guide image files are the primary output of the script.
In the UV object version of the script, a single, flat object, defined by the texture vertices of the original, textured with the UV template and seam guides, and with a 'Wrap' morph which transforms the flat object into the original object's 3D shape, is the primary output of the script. Secondary outputs are the UV template plus seam guide image files. This can be very useful by animating the wrap morph, to provide extra detail on how the UV map deforms and joins seams, in the case where the seam guides are confusing due to the number of colours. I note that manually produced seam guides have a sparse set of seam matching facets and frequently need text overlays, which would be very difficult to automatically produce and remain legible, to explain which body part the seam fuses with. The wrap morph lets you physically explore the seam closure within Poser, obviating thousands of words of explanation.
In both cases, temporary obj files are created to be subsequently loaded by Poser, before deletion.
eclark1849 last edited by
I'm asking because I'm trying to find someway to group different bodyparts together as one object. I'm thinking of the hair room and creating a hair growth group. I've tried using the Grouping tool, but even Ambient Shade couldn't explain how the Tool works to my dense skull. I was hoping maybe there was some way I could take advantage of the uV seam guides if I could get them to fit on to the body of what ever I'm trying to grow hair on.
@F_Verbaas the first thing which comes to mind, as I attempt to map my imagination to your vision, is that every time Marvelous Designer assembles the 2D tailor's blocks into the 3D garment, it is performing an implicit, non-linear mapping (a wrap with seam closure, involving material constraints on facet edge stretching and warping). The wrap morph which I generate in the script, is a strictly linear mapping between the object's texture vertices and their corresponding object vertices. Any morphs which are imposed at the 2D stage, such as scaling or reshaping, will retain that planar axial aspect as they are transformed by the linear deltas of the wrap morph into the 3D object.
IOW, I do not have the field transformations (separate, ordered rotations) which are actually occurring to the tailor blocks as they are positioned around the avatar prior to seam fusion. From the mathematical perspective, all I have is the final transformation matrix, I do not have the individual rotation and scaling matrices in their correct order, and, since such operations are not associative, I cannot just apply corrective factors before or after.
The best example I can come up with, is to compare the 50% applied wrap morph, with the half-way positioning and shaping of the tailor's blocks. The linear, wrap morph can be inverting the sign of coordinates and turning materials inside-out on its way to the final shape. The tailor's blocks look pretty much the way they did before, just rotated through half the final angles and half-way to their final shape, due to their physical structure.
Now, all that said, and that being just my initial reaction, I will not immediately consign your "Dove of peace" to the pigeon and olive pie. I will need to think about whether the information required to do the types of geometry gymnastics you suggest, is available to the limited means at my disposal (I include the methane generator which passes for my intellect, here).
@eclark1849 I remember clutching fruitlessly at the straw of hair growth groups created by Python, when I was attempting to create new groups on an object created by a python script. No dice. The hair growth groups weren't the same kind of group. (Way too many things in Poser use that word: Parameter groups, object body-part groups, Grouping Object Props, hair growth groups, etc. none of them interchangeable)
The python actor.CreateHairGrowthGroup('HairName') method appears to create a <hair object>, which is a new child prop with no geometry!, parented to the currently selected actor. Usable by the hair room, no doubt, but still not useful for creating new facet groups directly in python.
I'm afraid I have no special insight into the hair room to offer you, having given up when proving utterly unable to restrain hair using a torus prop set to collide, even when the torus was the size of a mill stone, the hair would not suffer to be contained by any reduction in the diameter of the torus' inner hole. Abandon hope all ye who enter here (without bell, book and candle, that is). I'm demonstrably not holey enough. @redphantom appears to be having success, so I would refer my questions there, first.
eclark1849 last edited by eclark1849
@anomalaus Honestly, at this point, I'd just settle for a Phyton script that would let me create presets in the Cloth Room, the Hair room and maybe the Bullet Physics Room. I don't know why, and I'm not a programmer, so I don't know if there was a reason they didn't do so in the first place, but a way to at least save the settings so they could be used over would be a given to me.
I look at Poser and see that they are capable of having utilities created by python, and then I look at Blender and almost everything they do is by Python. I wish I knew Python.
rokketman last edited by
@eclark1849 There are apps you can get free for your phone that will teach python. And there are books out there. I have one collecting dust at home. One day I may actually open it.